He was defeated for the legislature in ’32. Failed in business in ’33. His sweetheart died in ’35. Had a nervous breakdown in ’36. Defeated in election in ’38. Defeated in nomination for Congress in ’43. Lost renomination for Congress in ’48. Defeated for Senate in ’55. Defeated for Vice President in ’56. Again defeated for US Senate in ’58. Elected President in ’60.
This man was Abraham Lincoln.
A child prodigy shunned by aristocracy. Lived much of his adult life in poverty. Died in his 30s. Buried in a paupers grave.
This man was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Fired by bosses after other workers refused to work with him. Homeless and impoverished throughout his youth. Survived as a poster artist. Rejected from an Arts Academy. Initially rejected as unfit by the army. Never rose above Corporal. Became the leader of his country.
This man was Adolf Hitler.
How does failure happen?
Sometimes failure is a result of bad leadership. According to Denny’s “Motivate to Win,” reasons of leadership failures are:
- Inability to organize details
- Unwillingness to do what they would ask another to do
- Expectation of pay for what they know instead of what they do
- Fear of competition from others
- Lack of creative thinking in setting goals and creating plans
- The “I” syndrome
- Over-indulgence, destroying endurance and vitality
- Disloyalty to colleagues
- Leading by instilling fear instead of encouragement
- Emphasis of title instead of knowledge and expertise
- Failure to face negative reality
- Being ultra-positive
Sometimes, it is the change, with intention of improvement, that causes failure, as Kotter elaborates in his “Leading Change,“ change will not succeed if the leader is:
- Allowing to much complacency
- Failing to create a sufficiently powerful guiding coalition
- Underestimating the power of vision
- Undercommunicating the vision
- Permitting obstacles to block the vision
- Failing to create short-term wins
- Declaring victory too soon
- Neglecting to anchor changes firmly in the corporate culture